By Jon Miller | Post Date: September 8, 2007 11:38 PM | Comments: 4
Job Breakdown Sheets are used as part of Toyota's approach to OJT (on the job training), called Job Instruction. A Job Breakdown Sheet details the Major Steps, Key Points and Reasons for the key points. Having a Job Breakdown Sheet creates confidence in the instructor as well as the trainee that there is a clear and unambiguous method to be followed.
This is an example of a Job Breakdown Sheet used in one of our Job Instruction training classes.
Creating the Job Breakdown Sheets is an essential foundation step to Standard Work, or simply being able to instruct people to perform the work safely, with good quality, in time. Job Breakdown Sheets are fundamental to a properly functioning multi-skilling effort. The Skill Matrix must be supported by proper Job Breakdown Sheets.
At Gemba we are currently taking our current condition assessment process, documenting and standardizing it, and breaking it down. Although "Standardized Work for consultants" was the mantra a year or so ago, we now realize that work standards come first, and job breakdown even before that.
There is a lot of "knack" that we need to move from the heads of our kaizen experts down into the Job Breakdown Sheets. This is proving a good challenge. The trick seems to be breaking down the job properly. What is the job? What are the steps? What are the major steps? What are the key points? Why are these the key points? These questions focus the mind on identifying just the steps needed to get the job done.
It's a simple process. It requires rigor and persistence, trust in the process of detailing the observations we make, questions we ask and analyses we perform in order to grasp the situation fully and accurately during a current condition assessment. We can do this.
Once the assessment reveals where the gaps are, teaching TPS in order to close these gaps is relatively easy. Training all of our people who come from varied backgrounds, strengths and areas of expertise, to see the same whole picture will be an ongoing process. Toyota has been using Job Instruction and Job Breakdown Sheets for half a century, with confidence. If TWI and Job Instruction was good enough for training workers for the war effort 60 years ago, it's good enough for training kaizen consultants to be better waste warriors.Comments are moderated to filter spam and inappropriate content. There may be a delay before your comment is published.